Tesla set out to build “awesome” electric vehicles with a mission to accelerate the world’s transition to sustainable energy. In so doing, Tesla not only disrupted existing incumbent manufacturers but also proved that there was a market for high-end electric vehicles. By the close of 2020, Tesla’s market cap was $669 billion—nearly as much as the next five most valuable car companies combined. Despite that, its global footprint was still relatively small with production of over one million vehicles at only two sites – the US and China. While Tesla had built strong markets in these two countries, it was still lagging in Europe and elsewhere. In January 2021, Tesla was planning to build a new factory in Berlin and enter the Indian market aggressively. The stock market seemed to welcome Tesla’s current and future plans for expansion, with the stock trading at a record high value by mid-January 2021. At the same time, financial analysts and observers were wondering whether much of Tesla’s stock price growth could be viewed as part of a tech-led asset bubble. In this highly uncertain and volatile environment, with the COVID-19 pandemic still not under control in large parts of the world, Tesla had to decide where to go next in its quest for global leadership. In view of the electric car industry’s changing landscape and in the aftermath of the COVID-19 pandemic, was Tesla’s international footprint fit for the future?
- Analyze how cross-border expansion can contribute to Tesla’s growth and success in the marketplace
- Examine the extent to which geopolitical events can have an impact on Tesla’s international footprint and ability to create value across borders
- Analyze the extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic has impacted the business operations of companies such as Tesla
- Explore how companies such as Tesla can create value via their international presence
IMD retains all proprietary interests in its case studies and notes. Without prior written permission, IMD cases and notes may not be reproduced, used, translated, included in books or other publications, distributed in any form or by any means, stored in a database or in other retrieval systems. For additional copyright information related to case studies, please contact Case Services.
Research Information & Knowledge Hub for additional information on IMD publications