Data suppliers

We rely on a number of international organizations and private institutions to supply us with the most up-to-date and accurate hard data available before we compile each edition of the IMD World Competitiveness Yearbook. We are grateful for their support and permission to reproduce their statistical material.

Company name
BMI Research
Computer Industry Almanac Inc.
Cushmam & Wakefield
Educational Testing Service (The TOEFL® Test)
Economist Intelligence Unit
Euromonitor International
Eurostat
Fitch
Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
Global Entrepreneurship Monitor
Global Footprint Network
GMI Ratings
HCM Compensations Insights & Technology AG
International Civil Aviation Organization
International Energy Agency
International Labour Office (ILO)
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
International Union of Railways
Mercer HR Consulting
M-Labs and cable.co.uk
MIT Media Lab
Moody's
MSCI
National Science Foundation
OECD, Environmental data
OECD, Statistics Department
PricewaterhouseCoopers
Reporters Without Borders
Standard and Poor's
The Nobel Foundation
The Conference Board
The World Justice Project
Thomson Reuters
Times Higher Education: World University Ranking
UNCTAD
UNEP Sustainable Development Goals
UNESCO Institute for Statistics
UNIDO
Union Bank of Switzerland, Economic Research Department
US Department of Agriculture
WIFO Austrian Institute of Economic Research 
World Bank, WDI Database
World Health Organization
World Intellectual Property, WIPO Statistics Database
World Tourism Organization
World Trade Organization