Publications of the World Competitiveness Center

Explore our different publications and options for subscriptions

The IMD World Competitiveness Yearbook (WCY) is the leading annual report on the competitiveness of countries and has been published by IMD since 1989. It benchmarks the performance of 64 economies based on more than 330 criteria measuring different facets of competitiveness. There are three main sections in the World Competitiveness Yearbook: 

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Competitiveness Rankings

The Competitiveness Ranking is complemented by several breakdowns of the overall ranking. For example, rankings split by population size, by wealth or by region (Europe-Middle East-Africa, Asia-Pacific, and the Americas). In addition, the five-year evolution of overall and factor rankings is available.

Competitiveness Country profiles

For each of the 64 countries, we have conducted an in-depth analysis showing overall performance, challenges, the competitiveness landscape, greatest improvements and biggest declines, strengths and weaknesses, and evolution.

Statistical tables

We have created criteria rankings of the 64 countries (over 330 tables) to enable easy country comparisons.

Texts on competitiveness analysis, methodology, FAQs, a list of all the information providers and detailed notes and sources are also provided.

The IMD World Competitiveness Online is a unique and comprehensive database on the competitiveness of nations. It includes time series from the IMD World Competitiveness Yearbook, the leading annual report published by IMD since 1989, including the IMD World Talent ranking since 2014 and the IMD World Digital Competitiveness Ranking since 2017.

Statistics are updated as soon as new information becomes available. This is ideal if you wish to work with the data. 

Software based on the latest technology provides a powerful and unique user experience.

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For each country, we provide competitiveness trends, country evolution, strengths and weaknesses as well as all statistical data, including more than 330 criteria (values).

20 pages in PDF format.

View a snapshot of the basic facts and competitiveness landscape for each country and download a sample profile in the free version of IMD World Competitiveness Online (10 pages on Competitiveness, Digital and Talent rankings)


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Data are broken down according to four main factors:

  • Economic performance (81 criteria): Macro-economic evaluation of the domestic economy, employment trends and prices.
  • Government efficiency (72 criteria): Extent to which government policies are conducive to competitiveness
  • Business efficiency (74 criteria): Extent to which the national environment encourages enterprises to perform in an innovative, profitable and responsible manner
  • Infrastructure (107 criteria): Extent to which basic, technological, scientific and human resources meet the needs of business
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