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Article

The 5 leadership styles you can use

February 2021
Recommended for you
INFORMATION SESSION
Digital Transformation Programs information session
Digital

Find out which Digital Transformation Program is right for you

13 April 2022
04:30 PM-08:00 PM CEST
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INFORMATION SESSION
Digital Transformation Programs information session
Digital

Find out which Digital Transformation Program is right for you

13 April 2022
04:30 PM-08:00 PM CEST
Location: Location: IMD campus, Switzerland
INFORMATION SESSION
Digital Transformation Programs information session
Digital

Find out which Digital Transformation Program is right for you

13 April 2022
04:30 PM-08:00 PM CEST
Location: Location: IMD campus, Switzerland
INFORMATION SESSION
Digital Transformation Programs information session
Digital

Find out which Digital Transformation Program is right for you

13 April 2022
04:30 PM-08:00 PM CEST
Location: Location: IMD campus, Switzerland

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Throughout history, great leaders have emerged with particular leadership styles in providing direction, implementing plans and motivating people.

These can be broadly grouped into 5 different categories:

  • Authoritarian Leadership
  • Participative Leadership
  • Delegative Leadership
  • Transactional Leadership
  • Transformational Leadership

Despite these definitions, questions still remain.

  • What is the meaning of each leadership style mentioned above?
  • What is the difference between the different leadership approaches?
  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of using each of the leadership styles?

By reading this article, you will discover more about the 5 leadership styles, along with their definitions, advantages and disadvantages. Each of the leadership styles will also be differentiated.

1. Authoritarian Leadership

Authoritarian leadership styles allow a leader to impose expectations and define outcomes. A one-person show can turn out to be successful in situations when a leader is the most knowledgeable in the team. Although this is an efficient strategy in time-constrained periods, creativity will be sacrificed since input from the team is limited. The authoritarian leadership style is also used when team members need clear guidelines.

Authoritarian leadership

  • Time spent on making crucial decisions can be reduced.
  • Chain of command can be clearly emphasized.
  • Mistakes in the implementation of plans can be reduced.
  • Using authoritarian leadership style creates consistent results.

Disadvantages:

  • A very strict leadership style can sometimes lead to employee rebellion.
  • It kills employee creativity and innovation.
  • It reduces group synergy & collaboration.
  • Group input is reduced dramatically.
  • Authoritarian leadership increases employee turnover rate.

2. Participative Leadership

Participative leadership styles are rooted in democratic theory. The essence is to involve team members in the decision making process. Team members thus feel included, engaged and motivated to contribute. The leader will normally have the last word in the decision-making processes. However, if there are disagreements within a group, it can be a time-consuming process to reach a consensus.

Authoritarian leadership

  • Time spent on making crucial decisions can be reduced.
  • Chain of command can be clearly emphasized.
  • Mistakes in the implementation of plans can be reduced.
  • Using authoritarian leadership style creates consistent results.

Disadvantages:

  • A very strict leadership style can sometimes lead to employee rebellion.
  • It kills employee creativity and innovation.
  • It reduces group synergy & collaboration.
  • Group input is reduced dramatically.
  • Authoritarian leadership increases employee turnover rate.

3. Transactional leadership

Transactional leadership styles use “transactions” between a leader and his or her followers – rewards, punishments and other exchanges – to get the job done. The leader sets clear goals, and team members know how they’ll be rewarded for their compliance. This “give and take” leadership style is more concerned with following established routines and procedures in an efficient manner, than with making any transformational changes to an organization.

Authoritarian leadership

  • Time spent on making crucial decisions can be reduced.
  • Chain of command can be clearly emphasized.
  • Mistakes in the implementation of plans can be reduced.
  • Using authoritarian leadership style creates consistent results.

Disadvantages:

  • A very strict leadership style can sometimes lead to employee rebellion.
  • It kills employee creativity and innovation.
  • It reduces group synergy & collaboration.
  • Group input is reduced dramatically.
  • Authoritarian leadership increases employee turnover rate.

Authoritarian Leadership

Authoritarian leadership styles allow a leader to impose expectations and define outcomes. A one-person show can turn out to be successful in situations when a leader is the most knowledgeable in the team. Although this is an efficient strategy in time-constrained periods, creativity will be sacrificed since input from the team is limited. The authoritarian leadership style is also used when team members need clear guidelines.

Authoritarian leadership

  • Time spent on making crucial decisions can be reduced.
  • Chain of command can be clearly emphasized.
  • Mistakes in the implementation of plans can be reduced.
  • Using authoritarian leadership style creates consistent results.

Disadvantages:

  • A very strict leadership style can sometimes lead to employee rebellion.
  • It kills employee creativity and innovation.
  • It reduces group synergy & collaboration.
  • Group input is reduced dramatically.
  • Authoritarian leadership increases employee turnover rate.