Smart City Observatory

What makes a city liveable and smart?

Smart City Observatory

What makes a city liveable and smart?

Smart City Observatory

Since 2019, IMD has produced a Smart City Index offering a balanced focus on economic and technological aspects of smart cities on the one hand, and “humane dimensions” of smart cities (quality of life, environment, inclusiveness) on the other.

The initial effort to produce what should become an internationally recognized global smart city index consists of two distinct phases and deliverables. First, a set of case studies of smart cities at different stages of development, providing diverse international basis of experience, with the purpose of enhancing the realism and pertinence of the model underpinning the index to be proposed.

Sixteen Shades of Smart has been awarded the bronze medal in the Business Intelligence/Innovation category at the Axiom Book Awards.

Second, the first iteration of the index methodology was defined, leading to a global ranking of smart cities along that index in 2019. Now we are proud to present the fourth edition.

Meet the team
Professor Arturo Bris
Professor of Finance, Director of IMD World Competitiveness Center

An author and in-demand speaker, Arturo Bris ( ranks among the top 100 most read finance academics in the world. His research and consulting activities focus on the international aspects of financial regulation, and in particular on the effects of bankruptcy, short sales, insider trading, and merger laws.

Bruno Lanvin
President of the Smart City Observatory at IMD

Bruno Lanvin has been the President of the Smart City Observatory since its creation in 2018. He is known worldwide for his pioneering work in creating and co-leading some of the most highly praised global indices in the areas of information technology, innovation, and talent.

Smart City Index 2023

The revamped 2023 edition of the IMD Smart City Index (SCI) has seen Asian and European economies dominate the top 20.

Taking the top three places were Zurich (1st), Oslo (2nd) and Canberra (3rd).

Browse the full report

The global landscape of smart cities is changing. Cities and their leaders are becoming more visible on the international stage, and citizens are increasingly valuing inclusion and diversity in the places they choose to live.

Bruno Lanvin President of the IMD Smart City Observatory, IMD, Switzlerand