Our Research Methodology

A project by IMD's Center for Future Readiness
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Automotive

  • Operating revenue (cagr)
  • Profit rate (EBITDA)
  • Operating revenue per employee
  • Recent earning trend
  • EPS rating
  • P/E ratio
  • Price to Book Value
  • Market Capitalization (cagr)
  • Enterprise value /EBITDA
  • Press count on "ventures"
  • Number of acquisitions
  • Number of investments
  • % of international sales
  • % of women employees
  • % of women in Top management team
  • CEO demography
  • Headquarter competitiveness
  • ESG score
  • R&D intensity
  • R&D intensity (cagr)
  • R&D expenses
  • R&D expenses (cagr)
  • Number of patents
  • Press count on "autonomous vehicles"
  • Press count on "EVs"
  • Press count on "connected cars"
  • Press count on "sharing mobility"
  • Quick ratio
  • Cash to total assets
  • Gearing ratio
  • Net operating cash flow trend
  • Operating cash flow / revenue

Financial Services

  • Operating revenue (cagr)
  • Profit rate
  • Earning trend
  • AUM cagr*
  • EPS rating
  • P/E ratio
  • Price-to-book value**
  • Market capitalization (cagr)
  • EV/EBITDA
  • % of women in Top management team
  • % of women managers
  • CEO demography
  • Headquarters competitiveness
  • ESG score
  • AUM per employee*
  • Operating revenue per employee
  • Profit per employee
  • Operating expense ratio
  • Press count on "blockchain"
  • Press count on "mobile services"
  • Press count on "AI"
  • Press count on "cyber-security"
  • Press count on "APIs"
  • Number of investments
  • Number of acquisitions
  • Number of patents
  • Cash to total assets
  • Total debt to equity
  • Operating cash flow / Revenue

Fashion

  • Operating revenue (cagr)
  • Profit rate
  • Earining trend
  • P/E ratio
  • Market capitalization (cagr)
  • Etreprise value /EBITDA
  • % of women in Top management team
  • CEO demography
  • Headquarters competitiveness
  • Operating revenue per employee
  • Number of acquisition
  • Number of investments 
  • Press count on "sustainability"
  • Press count on "omnichannel/digital"
  • Press count on "consumer centric"
  • Press count on "collaborations"
  • APP rating in US Apple store
  • Brand value
  • YoY brand value change
  • Google trends
  • YoY Google trends
  • Number of Instagram followers
  • Current ratio
  • Cash to total assets 
  • Total debt to equity
  • Net operating cash flow trend

Technology

  • Operating revenue (cagr)
  • Profit rate
  • Operating revenue per employee
  • Earining trend
  • P/E ratio
  • Market capitalization (cagr)
  • Enterprise value /EBITDA
  • Press count on "corporate venturing"
  • Number of acquisitions
  • Number of investments
  • % of women in Top management team
  • CEO demography
  • Headquarters competitiveness
  • R&D intensity
  • R&D intensity (cagr)
  • R&D expenses
  • R&D expenses (cagr)
  • Number of patents
  • Press count "AI"
  • Press count on "cloud services"
  • Press count on "SaaS"
  • Press count on "data privacy"
  • Press count on "API"
  • Press count on "cybersecurity"
  • Press count on "IoT"
  • Current ratio
  • Cash to total assets 
  • Total debt to equity
  • Net operating cash flow trend
Check out our main page to find out more about the Future Readiness Indicator.