Busan

Smart city ranking
37 Out of 118
46 in 2020
BB BB in 2020
Factor ratings
B Structures
BBB Technologies
Group
2
All ratings range from AAA to D

Background Information

City Population 3,470,000 (UN World Urbanization Prospects)
Country 2016 2017 2018 2019 1 yr change
HDI 0.901 0.904 0.906 0.916 +0.010
Life expectancy at birth 82.4 82.6 82.8 83.0 +0.2
Expected years of schooling 16.4 16.4 16.4 16.5 +0.1
Mean years of schooling 12.2 12.2 12.2 12.2 +0.0
GNI per capita (PPP $) 35,122 35,945 36,757 43,044 +6,287

Priority Areas

From a list of 15 indicators, survey respondents were asked to select 5 that they perceived as the most urgent for their city. This is the total bar. The higher the percentage of responses per area, the greater the priority for the city.

The left hand section of each bar shows the Alignment - the proportion of those respondents who also answered the corresponding survey questions low. A strong Alignment implies that these areas also demand priority attention.

% of respondents who chose the Priority Area
0%
20%
40%
60%
80%100%
fulfilling employment
63.0%
unemployment
53.3%
road congestion
51.0%
affordable housing
44.0%
air pollution
37.4%
corruption
34.7%
basic amenities
33.9%
security
23.6%
public transport
21.3%
green spaces
21.3%
citizen engagement
18.8%
recycling
17.7%
school education
16.0%
health services
15.5%
social mobility
14.5%

Attitudes

% of respondents who agree or strongly agree with the statement
0%
20%
40%
60%
80%100%
You are willing to concede personal data in order to improve traffic congestion
58.2%
You are comfortable with face recognition technologies to lower crime
79.6%
You feel the availability of online information has increased your trust in authorities
57.7%
The proportion of your day-to-day payment transactions that are non-cash (% of transactions)
74.7%
Legend
City
Group Mean

Structures

Health & Safety
Score
0
20
40
60
80100
Basic sanitation meets the needs of the poorest areas
71.9
Recycling services are satisfactory
69.9
Public safety is not a problem
66.2
Air pollution is not a problem
24.4
Medical services provision is satisfactory
75.7
Finding housing with rent equal to 30% or less of a monthly salary is not a problem
44.6
Mobility
Score
0
20
40
60
80100
Traffic congestion is not a problem
29.4
Public transport is satisfactory
66.8
Opportunities (Work & School)
Score
0
20
40
60
80100
Employment finding services are readily available
56.2
Most children have access to a good school
58.6
Lifelong learning opportunities are provided by local institutions
64.4
Businesses are creating new jobs
39.0
Minorities feel welcome
35.7
Activities
Score
0
20
40
60
80100
Green spaces are satisfactory
55.2
Cultural activities (shows, bars, and museums) are satisfactory
51.3
Governance
Score
0
20
40
60
80100
Information on local government decisions are easily accessible
58.6
Corruption of city officials is not an issue of concern
29.5
Residents contribute to decision making of local government
49.1
Residents provide feedback on local government projects
48.0
Legend
Min
City
Mean
Max

Technologies

Health & Safety
Score
0
20
40
60
80100
Online reporting of city maintenance problems provides a speedy solution
57.7
A website or App allows residents to easily give away unwanted items
58.4
Free public wifi has improved access to city services
74.0
CCTV cameras has made residents feel safer
75.3
A website or App allows residents to effectively monitor air pollution
62.1
Arranging medical appointments online has improved access
67.0
Mobility
Score
0
20
40
60
80100
Car-sharing Apps have reduced congestion
41.0
Apps that direct you to an available parking space have reduced journey time
43.1
Bicycle hiring has reduced congestion
36.1
Online scheduling and ticket sales has made public transport easier to use
71.1
The city provides information on traffic congestion through mobile phones
69.3
Opportunities (Work & School)
Score
0
20
40
60
80100
Online access to job listings has made it easier to find work
64.3
IT skills are taught well in schools
60.8
Online services provided by the city has made it easier to start a new business
48.2
The current internet speed and reliability meet connectivity needs
75.6
Activities
Score
0
20
40
60
80100
Online purchasing of tickets to shows and museums has made it easier to attend
71.0
Governance
Score
0
20
40
60
80100
Online public access to city finances has reduced corruption
38.9
Online voting has increased participation
52.6
An online platform where residents can propose ideas has improved city life
52.7
Processing Identification Documents online has reduced waiting times
72.9
Legend
Min
City
Mean
Max

Background Information

City Population 3,470,000 (UN World Urbanization Prospects)
Country 2016 2017 2018 2019 1 yr change
HDI 0.901 0.904 0.906 0.916 +0.010
Life expectancy at birth 82.4 82.6 82.8 83.0 +0.2
Expected years of schooling 16.4 16.4 16.4 16.5 +0.1
Mean years of schooling 12.2 12.2 12.2 12.2 +0.0
GNI per capita (PPP $) 35,122 35,945 36,757 43,044 +6,287

Priority Areas

From a list of 15 indicators, survey respondents were asked to select 5 that they perceived as the most urgent for their city. This is the total bar. The higher the percentage of responses per area, the greater the priority for the city.

The left hand section of each bar shows the Alignment - the proportion of those respondents who also answered the corresponding survey questions low. A strong Alignment implies that these areas also demand priority attention.

% of respondents who chose the Priority Area
0%
20%
40%
60%
80%100%
fulfilling employment
63.0%
unemployment
53.3%
road congestion
51.0%
affordable housing
44.0%
air pollution
37.4%
corruption
34.7%
basic amenities
33.9%
security
23.6%
public transport
21.3%
green spaces
21.3%
citizen engagement
18.8%
recycling
17.7%
school education
16.0%
health services
15.5%
social mobility
14.5%

Attitudes

% of respondents who agree or strongly agree with the statement
0%
20%
40%
60%
80%100%
You are willing to concede personal data in order to improve traffic congestion
58.2%
You are comfortable with face recognition technologies to lower crime
79.6%
You feel the availability of online information has increased your trust in authorities
57.7%
The proportion of your day-to-day payment transactions that are non-cash (% of transactions)
74.7%
Legend
City
Group Mean

Structures

Health & Safety
Score
0
20
40
60
80100
Basic sanitation meets the needs of the poorest areas
71.9
Recycling services are satisfactory
69.9
Public safety is not a problem
66.2
Air pollution is not a problem
24.4
Medical services provision is satisfactory
75.7
Finding housing with rent equal to 30% or less of a monthly salary is not a problem
44.6
Mobility
Score
0
20
40
60
80100
Traffic congestion is not a problem
29.4
Public transport is satisfactory
66.8
Opportunities (Work & School)
Score
0
20
40
60
80100
Employment finding services are readily available
56.2
Most children have access to a good school
58.6
Lifelong learning opportunities are provided by local institutions
64.4
Businesses are creating new jobs
39.0
Minorities feel welcome
35.7
Activities
Score
0
20
40
60
80100
Green spaces are satisfactory
55.2
Cultural activities (shows, bars, and museums) are satisfactory
51.3
Governance
Score
0
20
40
60
80100
Information on local government decisions are easily accessible
58.6
Corruption of city officials is not an issue of concern
29.5
Residents contribute to decision making of local government
49.1
Residents provide feedback on local government projects
48.0
Legend
Min
City
Mean
Max

Technologies

Health & Safety
Score
0
20
40
60
80100
Online reporting of city maintenance problems provides a speedy solution
57.7
A website or App allows residents to easily give away unwanted items
58.4
Free public wifi has improved access to city services
74.0
CCTV cameras has made residents feel safer
75.3
A website or App allows residents to effectively monitor air pollution
62.1
Arranging medical appointments online has improved access
67.0
Mobility
Score
0
20
40
60
80100
Car-sharing Apps have reduced congestion
41.0
Apps that direct you to an available parking space have reduced journey time
43.1
Bicycle hiring has reduced congestion
36.1
Online scheduling and ticket sales has made public transport easier to use
71.1
The city provides information on traffic congestion through mobile phones
69.3
Opportunities (Work & School)
Score
0
20
40
60
80100
Online access to job listings has made it easier to find work
64.3
IT skills are taught well in schools
60.8
Online services provided by the city has made it easier to start a new business
48.2
The current internet speed and reliability meet connectivity needs
75.6
Activities
Score
0
20
40
60
80100
Online purchasing of tickets to shows and museums has made it easier to attend
71.0
Governance
Score
0
20
40
60
80100
Online public access to city finances has reduced corruption
38.9
Online voting has increased participation
52.6
An online platform where residents can propose ideas has improved city life
52.7
Processing Identification Documents online has reduced waiting times
72.9
Legend
Min
City
Mean
Max